Public and Social

From its inception, Genesis has worked across the public/private divide. This is also true at team level. We strongly believe in the same specialist teams servicing public and private sector clients. The benefits of the ensuing cross-pollination are particularly evident in our work where the market meets the state. Examples are improving sector regulation outcomes, market development strategies sponsored by the public sector, and PPP transaction advice. In all three cases our understanding of the public sector and the market improves the quality of our solutions.

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Expertise Areas

Competition economics

We offer clients a comprehensive range of expert economic services in the area of competition law, and remain the provider of choice for most top law firms when they need to retain expert economists to advise on critical matters. Our application of rigorous economic analysis, using quantitative and conceptual approaches, has resulted in blue-chip companies across Africa routinely relying on us for expert advice and support when they interact with competition authorities.

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Monitoring and evaluation

Genesis provides a full range of monitoring and evaluation services that include the design, review and support of M&E systems and evaluations of programmes, strategies and policies. Our aim is to inform the design, management and allocation of funds to generate better decisions and outcomes, as well as to provide greater value for money.

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HIV technical support and programming

Our team has worked on addressing the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa for the past 20 years. This work has included finding ways to prevent HIV in adults and children, as well as ways to mitigate the impact of the epidemic, especially in the era before HIV treatment became widely available.

We use the expertise developed during this time to improve the design of programmes and support programme implementation, as well as to evaluate programmes and make suggestions about how they can strengthened.

Regulatory economics

Genesis is also a leading provider of regulatory economics advice, offering the full spectrum of expert economic and regulatory accounting services to governments, regulators and private firms. We have played a central role in critical policy and regulatory debates across numerous sectors.  

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Shared value

Today a company’s relationship with society is a key determinant of its corporate value. At risk are credibility with consumers, regulatory permissions, media and investor reputation and social licence to operate. On the positive side, understanding societal need and building better relations with stakeholders can spark new models, products and revenues.

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Trade

We offer the full spectrum of expert economic support and advice in litigated and contested processes. Our diverse litigation experience enables us to provide rigorous and legally defendable analysis, advice and testimony for clients in a variety of legal processes, including damages, international trade disputes, and other arbitration and High Court proceedings.

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Projects

Impact of benefits of People and Parks project evaluated

Project name:
Socio-economic and environmental impact evaluation of the People and Parks projects within the Environmental Protection and Infrastructure Programme (EPIP)

Service:
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Public and Social

Area of Expertise:
Evaluation & impact assessment

Client:
Department of Enviromental Affairs

Date:
2017

Country:
South Africa


The Environmental Protection and Infrastructure Programme (EPIP) is managed by the Environmental Programmes (EP) branch of the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA). EPIP focuses on infrastructure-related projects that contribute towards environmental protection, conservation and sustainability, while creating work opportunities and providing skills development.

EPIP-funded People and Parks projects are aimed at building partnerships between conservation authorities and local communities through the investment in infrastructure to allow adequate benefit sharing from protected areas.

Many projects fund the construction of accommodation units in protected areas

Many projects fund the construction of accommodation units in protected areas

Genesis was contracted by the DEA to conduct a socio-economic and environmental impact evaluation of the People and Parks projects within the EPIP between 2005/06 and 2015/16.

Specifically, the evaluation aimed to:

• Assess the projects’ results, implementation, and impact;
• Identify the strengths and weaknesses of the People and Parks focus area with respect to its overall objectives; and,
• Provide recommendations on how to improve the focus area to strengthen its impact.

The team employed a range of data-collection methods, including a desktop review of international literature, programme documentation and project data; key informant interviews at the national, provincial and project levels; and 37 site visits to selected projects across the country. A rubric methodology was employed to assess the sites in a consistent way and to draw lessons from across the project sample.

The results of the evaluation and the recommendations regarding the objectives were presented to the EPIP team. Monitoring and measurement of progress; enabling environment for project identification, prioritisation and design; operationalisation; and sustainability of the People and Parks projects will be incorporated into future strategy and implementation of the focus area.

Water tanks installed at Bushbuckridge Nature Reserve

Water tanks installed at Bushbuckridge Nature Reserve

Genesis counts cost of lifestyle diseases for Gauteng

Project name:
Burden of lifestyle diseases on the public health sector in Gauteng

Service:
Behavioural Science

Sector:
Health
Public and Social

Client:
Gauteng Office of the Premier, Planning Division

Date:
2018

Country:
South Africa


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) of lifestyle are becoming the leading cause of death in most regions of the world. 

South Africa faces a quadruple burden of disease: the HIV/AIDS epidemic paired with a high burden of TB, high rates of maternal and child mortality, high levels of violence and injuries, and a growing burden of NCDs. NCDs are disproportionately affecting poor people living in urban settings. The NCDs drive a rising demand for chronic-disease care and pose an increasing burden on the health system. 

The Gauteng Office of the Premier’s Planning Division contracted Genesis Analytics to determine the health and financial effects of NCDs on Gauteng’s health system for 2017-2030 and to recommend policies and best practices to address the growing burden in Gauteng. 

Genesis developed a model to project the size and profile of the Gauteng population, prevalence of the selected risk factors and NCDs, and costs borne by the Gauteng public health system. 

Our projections show that by 2030 the number of NCD cases in Gauteng will increase by 42% to 4.5 million. There will be high levels of morbidity (2.1 million disability-adjusted life years) and mortality (65 700 deaths) because of NCDs. 

This high burden has significant associated costs. NCDs account for nearly 40% of healthcare spending in Gauteng. This spending will lead to a 39% increase over 13 years to R19.2 billion in 2030, without adjusting for inflation. The projected NCD costs are expected to outpace Gauteng Department of Health budget increases. 

Genesis prioritised a number of “best buys” (according to the World Health Organisation) to address the health and financial burden in Gauteng, which would bolster the efforts of the National Department of Health. Specifically the province should invest in mass-media campaigns to promote behaviour change and awareness of a healthy diet and physical activity. 

This is a cost-effective intervention and the upfront investment will ultimately result in long-term savings and benefits for the province. For NCDs Gauteng needs to develop well-prioritised, efficient and effective treatment and rehabilitation services for chronic-disease care.

Financial evaluation of third National Lottery applicants

Project name:
Financial Evaluation of Third National Lottery Applicants

Service:
Damages, trade and other litigation

Sector:
Public and Social
Entertainment

Client:
Minister of Trade and Industry

Date:
2014

Country:
South Africa


Every eight years the licence to operate the National Lottery is awarded to a successful bidder through a rigorous and lengthy tender process. After receiving conflicting recommendations from the Evaluation Committee and the National Lotteries Board, the Ministry of Trade and Industry brought in Genesis to conduct an independent and substantive evidence-based assessment of the financial and business models of the competing applicants. 

The purpose was to assist the minister in selecting a successful (and reserve) bidder in order to negotiate and conclude a licence, and where the rationality and reasonableness of the decision would likely be under intense scrutiny.

Genesis used its experience to distil the key features of each business and financial models, and identify quantitative measures that would enable an independent evidence-based comparison across the bids on the five different variables that formed part of the assessment criteria. This included assessing a ranking on likely sales based on capex, distribution networks, prize payouts and new game development. It also included assessing financial solvency by subjecting the financial models to different revenue scenarios. In the process Genesis developed a robust new scoring method that built on the quantitative measures of the business and financial plans, but also built on the techniques applied in other government procurement programmes (such as relative points based on relative pricing).

The Genesis assessment provided the basis for the decision by the minister to select the successful bidder. Furthermore, the Genesis report and scoring have stood up to intense scrutiny as the minister’s decision has been subject to a number of reviews by one of the unsuccessful bidders. As such, the Genesis work has also proved invaluable to the High Court judges in adjudicating the litigation.

Genesis evaluates Jobs Fund's on-lending projects

Project name:
Case study on an enterprise development project

Service:
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Public and Social

Area of Expertise:
Evaluation & impact assessment

Client:
National Treasury

Date:
2017

Country:
South Africa


The Jobs Fund is a R9-billion multi-year challenge fund that assists partners pilot innovative approaches to job creation. 

Through its enterprise development-funding window, the Jobs Fund has supported several on-lending projects where partners borrow with the aim of lending to small, medium and micro-sized enterprises (SMMEs) that are unable to get credit. 

Allowing SMMEs to grow is one of the anticipated means to create jobs and is supported by the Jobs Fund. 

The Jobs Fund has contracted Genesis Analytics to conduct project-level evaluations of the Anglo Gold Ashanti and Anglo American Sebenza Funds. The fund seeks to form a case study that will unpack factors that contribute to the success, or reveal the failures, of on-lending for these projects.

Genesis studies why 30% of SA births go unregistered

Project name:
Implementation evaluation of the birth registration programme

Service:
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Public and Social
Health

Area of Expertise:
Evaluation & impact assessment

Client:
Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation, Department of Home Affairs (South Africa)

Date:
2016 - 2018

Country:
South Africa


Birth registration is a constitutional right for all born in South Africa. To extend access to this essential service, the Department of Home Affairs (DHA) has implemented a range of interventions targeting early registration of birth (ERB), within 30 days of birth. 

The key intervention is the hospital footprint programme, which enables ERB at connected healthcare facilities. Genesis conducted an implementation evaluation of these DHA-led interventions that was commissioned within the South African National Evaluation Plan. 

The purpose of the evaluation was to systematically uncover the constraints that hinder ERB. Due to the complexity of the birth registration system, Genesis employed systems thinking for the evaluation. 

Genesis also prepared a theory of change for birth registration and used the OECD DAC Criteria for Programme Evaluation as the foundation of the evaluation framework. The evaluation methods included key informant interviews, observations at sites (DHA offices and healthcare facilities), interviews with registering parents and guardians, an extensive literature review, and an analysis of departmental data. 

The evaluation findings and recommendations were disseminated to, and validated with, the Evaluation Steering Committee and a broader stakeholder group. The Evaluation Steering Committee and DHA exco have accepted all 13 recommendations and will adopt a management improvement plan for implementation of the recommendations.

Evaluation of credit aid to ailing SA municipalities

Project name:
Ex-post evaluation of the sixth credit line

Service:
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Public and Social

Area of Expertise:
Evaluation & impact assessment

Client:
Large international donor organisation

Date:
2016

Country:
South Africa


A large international donor organisation has worked closely with a development finance institution since 1994, extending a number of credit lines aimed at uplifting historically disadvantaged people in South Africa. 

The objective of the most recent credit line was to provide finance to structurally weak municipalities in South Africa with the explicit aim of supporting the development of social infrastructure necessary for local economic development. 

Ultimately, the credit line did not achieve its stated objectives and experienced a number of challenges. Disbursement targets were not met, both in terms of the total credit line value and the amount that was required to go to the weakest municipalities.  

Genesis was contracted by the donor organisation to conduct an ex-post evaluation to understand what factors influenced the performance of the credit line, and ultimately to determine what could be improved in the design of future credit lines. 

Genesis used the OECD Development Assistance Committee’s (DAC) evaluation criteria as the guiding framework for the evaluation. In addition to the DAC criteria of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability, Genesis also considered the additionality of the donor organisation. 

Research methods included a thorough document and data review, key informant interviews with representatives of the development finance institution as well as other organisations in the municipal finance space, and site visits to selected municipalities that received finance through the credit line.  

Since the conclusion of the evaluation, the donor and development finance institution have been in discussions on the terms of the next line of credit, to improve on the previous credit line and spend donor money in a more effective and impactful way. 

Genesis has provided regular input into the negotiation phase for the next credit line, based on the findings and recommendations from the evaluation.

Top photo: Reservoir built in Makana Municipality using the municipal infrastructure loan facility

Bringing a chicken project home to roost

Project name:
Social impact strategy for the PIC on large poultry transaction

Service:
Shared value

Sector:
Public and Social
Agriculture and Agribusiness

Area of Expertise:
Shared value and inclusive business strategy

Client:
Large BEE consortium

Date:
2014

Country:
South Africa


A BEE consortium had approached the PIC, the largest asset manager in Africa, to partly fund the purchase of a large poultry company.

The PIC, in line with its developmental investment strategy, wanted to ensure that the social value of the transaction was maximised. Genesis was asked to produce a social impact strategy for the transaction. 

The transaction was concluded on the basis of the independent advice provided by Genesis and the social strategy was imposed as a condition of funding. 

The approach will grow emerging farmers upstream while creating business for township distributors and spaza shops downstream.

Daybreak eyes poultry sales model in townships

Environmental governance in mining is evaluated

Project name:
Implementation evaluation of effectiveness of environmental governance in mining

Service:
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Mining
Public and Social

Area of Expertise:
Evaluation & impact assessment

Client:
Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation in the Presidency, Department of Enviromental Affairs

Date:
2014 - 2015

Country:
South Africa


The National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 107 of 1998) (NEMA) is the legislative environmental framework in South Africa. It defines the environmental management approach that should be integrated across all sectors, including mining. 

Genesis Analytics and Digby Wells Environmental were contracted by the Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), in partnership with the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA), to conduct an implementation evaluation of environmental governance in the mining sector. The purpose was to assess the relevance and effectiveness of environmental legislation in mining and the implementation in achieving its objective.

Genesis developed a comprehensive evaluation framework based on the OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) criteria to guide the evaluation. 

The evaluation included a comprehensive literature review, interviews with relevant government stakeholders, NGOs, research institutions, legal firms, mining company representatives, industry bodies, local municipalities and four case studies to demonstrate the effectiveness of the environmental governance framework (Gauteng gold mining, Northern Cape asbestos mining, Mpumalanga coal mining and North West platinum mining).

The findings and analysis of the evaluation illustrated that in theory the environmental governance framework was appropriate for promoting good environmental governance in the mining sector. However, in practice the inadequate implementation and enforcement of the framework seriously compromised its efficacy and ability to ensure environmental sustainability. 

During the course of the evaluation, the legislation and regulations governing environmental governance in mining were revised, with the intention of creating a more harmonious framework for the environmental regulation of the mining industry. 

These changes aligned in many ways with the recommendations made during the evaluation, but their full effect has yet to be determined. This confirmed the relevance of the findings of the evaluation and provided evidence to continue to support initiatives already underway to improve the environmental governance framework and its implementation.

The evaluation team worked closely with the DEA to develop recommendations that were utility-focused and aligned to the department’s current environmental governance initiatives.

As a result of this iterative and collaborative process, the evaluation report, management response and improvement plan were formally endorsed by the Cabinet on 15 February 2017. 

The implementation of the evaluation’s recommendations will be monitored in line with the improvement plan as part of the Cabinet approval process. 

Cabinet approves evaluation of mining enviromental governance 

HIV prevention strategy for the Gates Foundation

Project name:
A new HIV prevention strategy for the Gates Foundation

Service:
Behavioural Science

Sector:
Health

Area of Expertise:
Behavioural Science

Client:
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)

Date:
2015 – ongoing

Country:
Global


The HIV prevention field is changing rapidly as treatment becomes widely available and as new prevention technologies reach the market. The BMGF commits significant funding to healthcare and HIV, and needs to decide whether its strategic focus areas are appropriate in this changing landscape.

We are supporting the BMGF by contracting experts worldwide to answer these questions. The Imperial College, London is modelling the impact of various HIV prevention interventions and determining which combinations would have the most impact. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine has also prepared various reviews and thought pieces to assist the foundation

The Health team has ensured that the approaches and recommendations used in these projects are grounded in the reality of the Southern African HIV epidemic, which is the most severe in the world. Once completed, this work will guide the investments the foundation will make. The resulting papers will also be published and made available to a wide audience of opinion leaders and policy-makers.

Plan for safe water in 12 Zambian border towns

Project name:
12 Border Towns Project

Service:
Project preparation

Sector:
Water and Sanitation
Climate Change
Infrastructure
Public and Social

Client:
A DFID-funded facility managed by Adam Smith International

Date:
2014 - 2016

Country:
Malawi
Zambia


Inadequate levels of water access and sanitation facilities can lead to the transmission of water-borne diseases across borders. This, in turn, stifles trade and other commercial and social activities within a sub-region and, at in extreme cases, can trigger cross-border conflict. 

The 12 Towns Project is an initiative aimed at providing a sustainable and equitable supply of safe water and appropriate sanitation to 12 border towns in Zambia, a country strategically and centrally located in the SADC region. 

Genesis was retained as the project economists for this suite of projects and carried out financial and economic appraisals for Kazungula, Chanida, Mwami, Chirundu and Siavonga border towns. Genesis provided recommendations of the appropriate allocation of the client's resources for the implementation for these projects.

By carrying out our project appraisal process, both the financial and economic justification of the separate projects was investigated. The particular focus of this project appraisal was in the project’s ability to provide climate-resilient infrastructure for the most vulnerable members of the border towns – with a particular focus on women and children. 

It also emphasised the project's ability to prevent transboundary conflict through better provisioning of infrastructure services. Input from our team resulted in the redesign of some of the projects to optimise their value for money and social impact in these strategic transboundary towns.

For more project information

TOP PHOTOGRAPH: Small traders at the Chirundu One-Stop Border Post. ABOVE: Trucks line up at the Chirundu One-Stop Border Post between Zambia and Zimbabwe

Evaluation of the Business Process Incentive Scheme

Project name:
Implementation Evaluation of the Business Process Services Incentive Scheme programme

Service:
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Public and Social

Client:
Department of Planning Monitoring and Evaluation in the Presidency

Date:
2012

Country:
South Africa


The Business Process Services (BPS) incentive scheme was launched by the Department of Trade and Industry (the DTI) in 2011 to enhance and contribute to South Africa's value proposition as a world-class outsourcing destination for international investors and service providers. 

The Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), as part of its mandate under the National Evaluation Plan Framework (NEPF), and in partnership with the DTI, issued a terms of reference (TOR) in August 2012 to undertake an implementation evaluation of the BPS incentive scheme. Its purpose was to investigate the extent to which the scheme was achieving its objectives of job creation and attracting foreign direct investment (FDI). The evaluation covered the scheme from its inception in January 2011 until December 2012.

Genesis developed a comprehensive evaluation framework based on the OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) criteria to guide the evaluation. 

The evaluation included interviews with those running projects on the scheme, key government officials and a review of the DTI's MIS data. The evaluation found that the incentive scheme was contributing to job creation and attracting investors to South Africa. However, the evaluation made a number of recommendations for improvements. The key recommendations included retaining South Africa’s cost competitiveness, implementing a graded incentive scheme based on the company’s service offering and extending the duration of the scheme from three years to five years.

The BPS programme was revised, based on the recommendations given by Genesis and re-launched in London by the Minister of Trade and Industry, Rob Davies, on 14 October 2014. By that time, six companies had already been approved under the new programme. The report’s recommendations were endorsed by the cabinet on 11 February 2015. The amended incentive-scheme guidelines were published in January 2015, taking into account each of the recommendations. Genesis was subsequently awarded a National Evaluation Plan award for the evaluation. These awards are made on the basis of an evaluation “whose evidence contributed towards improving government performance, or which were assessed to be of good quality and have a potential to be instrumental in improving government performance”.

Download the full report

Download the journal article: African Evaluation Journal, 2014

Areas of Service Expertise

  • Competition economics
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • HIV technical support and programming
  • Regulatory economics
  • Shared value
  • Trade

Related Sectors

Projects

Project

Impact of benefits of People and Parks project evaluated

Genesis was contracted by the Department of Environmental Affairs  to conduct a socio-economic and environmental impact evaluation of the People and Parks projects between 2005/06 and 2015/16. 

View Project
Project

Genesis counts cost of lifestyle diseases for Gauteng

The Gauteng Office of the Premier’s Planning Division contracted Genesis Analytics to determine the health and financial effects of non-communicable diseases on Gauteng’s health system for 2017-2030 and to recommend policies and best practices to address the growing burden in Gauteng.

View Project

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