Climate Change

In sub-Saharan Africa, poor people are disproportionately exposed and vulnerable to climate change shocks such as floods, droughts and heat waves which destroy livelihoods and assets. At Genesis, our agriculture and infrastructure teams work together to help increase the resilience of individuals and communities to these climate shocks.

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Expertise Areas

Climate risk and vulnerability analysis

To inform climate-change response interventions, we conduct a climate risk and vulnerability analysis. Our framework for climate risk and vulnerability analysis draws on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) definition of climate change. 

We characterise climate-change vulnerability as a “function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity”. We apply the framework to two distinct but linked components: a livelihood assessment and a hazard-impact study. The livelihood assessment focuses on vulnerability to climate and the hazard-impact component on how climate change may alter vulnerability.

Together these components answer the questions: Who is vulnerable? And, how can future vulnerability be reduced? We characterise components of vulnerability as follows:

  • Exposure: biophysical limits imposed by climate, specifically the constraints to cropping and livestock systems produced by patterns in rainfall, temperature and other climatic parameters.
  • Sensitivity: the relative dependence of households on climate-affected systems.
  • Adaptive capacity: the ability of households to modify their circumstances or behaviour to successfully adjust to existing and expected external climate trends and shocks. We measure this component through household assets and signs of livelihood stress. Central to adaptive capacity is household access to, or control over, assets that we group in the five forms of capital (human, natural, physical, social and financial) as per the sustainable livelihood framework.

A household’s capacity to respond to adversity is also shaped by the non-climatic stressors it faces — immediate constraints to employing the assets listed above. These stressors can include chronic illness, food insecurity and loss of access to productive resources. Our assessment uses these indicators of general vulnerability and declining conditions for production as a second set of capacity indicators. The assessment also considers the role of institutions outside the community in supporting or facilitating households in their efforts to adapt to climate change. These institutions include markets, local government, development projects and the government’s technical services.

Climate proofing of investments

Many existing programmes were not designed with climate-change imperatives in mind. The impacts of climate change on these programmes are, however, becoming more apparent, necessitating integration of these risks in programme design and implementation. 

We support existing programmes and interventions to refine their design and implementation approaches to better anticipate and treat climate shocks and vulnerabilities as perennial features, not as unexpected anomalies. 

We review ongoing programmes and mainstream resilience building as a central outcome. We also integrate resilience metrics into baselines and M&E frameworks for ongoing monitoring and evaluation. 

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) design, implementation and evaluation

Climate change represents a significant obstacle to sustained economic growth and poverty eradication. In sub-Saharan Africa, poor people are disproportionately exposed and vulnerable to climate-change shocks such as floods, droughts and heat waves that destroy livelihoods and assets.

Climate change fundamentally threatens agriculture-based livelihoods of rural populations across sub-Saharan Africa. We provide design and implementation support for climate-smart agriculture (CSA) programmes, as well as strategic and advisory services to governments, the private sector, donors and farmer organisations.

CSA aims to improve the resilience of farming systems to current as well as future climate-related risks. We define CSA, in line with other leading organisations such as the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), as consisting of three components:

  • Sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes;
  • Adapting and building resilience to climate change; and
  • Reducing and/or removing greenhouse gas emissions where possible. 

CSA options analysis, screening and evaluation

In designing interventions, we determine the options to be prioritised through a combination of multi-stakeholder consultations and scientific tools such as multi-criteria analysis (MCA and cost benefit analysis (CBA). 

We use these processes and tools to answer the question: What are the most effective strategies to improve resilience of households to climate change?

Monitoring and evaluation

Undertaking practical and useful results measurement for programmes applying a market systems development approach is complex and requires one to think outside of the traditional linear approach to achieving impact.  

We combine our understanding of market systems, catalytic funding mechanisms and experience in private sector development with deep knowledge and expertise in international M&E standards, including the Donor Committee for Enterprise Development Standard.

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Project preparation

We appraise the financial and economic viability of projects in order to provide our clients with a basis for data-driven decision-making. 

Financial appraisal entails an assessment of the financial cash flows of a project by estimating the project-related revenues and costs. It only accounts for part of the impact of a project. 

The appraisal of public and social projects is expanded to include impacts that have a broader impact than financial viability. 

We therefore extend our analysis to include the socio-economic costs and benefits associated with project implementation.

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Transaction advisory (project finance)

Our project finance advisory service is geared towards assisting public institutions and private investors in the planning, procurement and implementation of large-scale transactions for infrastructure and related services. 

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Projects

Genesis leads DFID project on climate-smart agriculture support

Project name:
The Climate Smart Agricultural Education and Policy project (CSEP)

Service:
Market systems development

Sector:
Agriculture and Agribusiness
Climate Change

Area of Expertise:
Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) design, implementation and evaluation
CSA options analysis, screening and evaluation

Client:
DFID

Date:
2018 - 2019

Country:
Malawi
Mozambique
Zimbabwe


Genesis has been comissioned by DFID to conduct an 18-month climate-smart agricultural education and policy support project that aims to support the governments of Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.  

The Climate Smart Agricultural Education and Policy project (CSEP) supports the three countries in three areas: climate education, climate policy and climate finance. 

CSEP is a prime example of how coordination and sustainability can be built into donor-funded work. It builds on the important work that Genesis previously implemented under the DFID-funded Vuna programme. 

Climate change poses a major challenge to the agricultural sectors of Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. To help these countries deal effectively with these challenges, Genesis will:

• Support the development and dissemination of up to date and relevant academic curricula at technical training colleges; 
• Support the development and implementation of climate smart policy frameworks; 
• Build the capacity of national governments to access global climate funds that can accelerate the necessary activities to combat the effects of climate change.  

A field day to teach farmers better farming practices

Vuna looks for innovation models for climate-smart agriculture

Project name:
Vuna CSA Innovation Model Analysis

Service:
Market systems development

Sector:
Agriculture and Agribusiness
Climate Change

Client:
DFID Climate Smart Agriculture Programme (Vuna)

Date:
2017 - 2018

Country:
Malawi
Mozambique
Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe


Vuna commissioned a climate-smart agricultural (CSA) innovation models impact analysis that aims to assess select Vuna Agriculture Development Facility (ADF) projects to identify intervention pathways to sustained climate resilience at scale. 

Supporting a transition of current farming systems towards climate resilience is among the most pressing challenges of our generation. Effective measures to sustainably increase productivity and incomes, and build resilience in farming systems, particularly those of smallholders, are key priorities. 

CSA is foremost among the approaches with which to tackle the threats from a changing climate. This term has been formally defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) as consisting of three components:

  • Sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes;
  • Adapting and building resilience to climate change; and
  • Reducing and/or removing greenhouse gases emissions, where possible

This project sought to contribute to building a knowledge base for better design and implementation of sustainable and impactful CSA interventions at scale, particularly in smallholder systems. If CSA is to be adopted at the required pace and scale, more effective models for taking promising technologies and practices to farmers are needed. 

The project deepened the understanding of what works, and under what conditions, in promoting the adoption of CSA. Many of the models that were assessed had a strong private-sector orientation, in line with a recent shift towards a business approach in building resilient farmers.

Genesis led the design and implementation of this project, assessing various models in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It developed a series of innovation and thematic papers, good practice notes and one synthesis paper. These made a case for better approaches to designing private-sector-led programmes that accelerated the adoption of CSA practices and technologies in East and Southern Africa. 

The research focused on a subset of Vuna innovation models operating across five thematic areas: extension services, finance, livestock, out-growers, and seed systems.

The CSA models impact analysis delivered three sets of papers:  

• Five in-depth research papers that assess (a) the innovation model’s contribution to building farmer and market resilience to climate risks; (b) the innovation model’s potential for replication and scale-up; and (c) the model’s success drivers, or drawbacks and the conditions under which future interventions can achieve greater impacts.  
• Five thematic papers that categorise CSA innovation model typologies in the relevant thematic areas in order to understand (a) the different typologies relative contribution to building farm and market resilience, sustainably and at scale; (b) the typologies’ drivers of success or drawbacks; (c) the conditions under which future innovation models could achieve greater impact.   
• One synthesis paper on the factors that contributed to innovation model’s success in building resilience, sustainably and at scale, including recommendations to inform the design of future climate smart agricultural programmes.

Seed project increases Zimbabwean farmers' yields by 20%

Cases show way for climate-smart farming in Zimbabwe

Genesis leads DFID project on climate-smart agriculture support

Genesis partner Sydney Zharare inspects crop with field worker

Early flood forecasting system for Incomati Basin

Project name:
Lower Incomati Flood Risk Management

Service:
Project preparation

Sector:
Water and Sanitation
Infrastructure
Climate Change

Area of Expertise:
Climate resilience

Client:
Climate Resilience Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF), DFID

Date:
2013 – 2017

Country:
Mozambique


The Incomati River Basin comprises 46 000 km² spanning South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique and is home to more than 500 000 people. 

The basin, particularly downstream in Mozambique, experiences frequent flooding. This results in considerable loss to the formal and informal economies. The impact of flooding is aggravated by a lack of resources to cope with disaster and a history of limited coordination in flood control and management.

As part of the Climate Resilient Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF), Genesis was engaged in the basin for three years to support holistic flood mitigation as the financial and economic adviser on the project. Specifically, our work in the final year was to evaluate various flood mitigation responses (FMRs) and recommend a way to proceed with the choice and financing of the infrastructure. Our work was integral in establishing the need for an early warning flood forecasting system (EWFFS) and its requirements for financial sustainability.

                                                                                                                                     © CRIDF

Genesis’s capping involvement on the project was a comprehensive economic analysis of the FMRs, which had emerged through a consultative process with stakeholders. These infrastructure interventions (dykes, bridges, etc.) involve the diversion of water away from key risk areas. As a result, some areas are better off, while others are worse off. An understanding of which areas are better and worse, as well as their associated economic values, is an important consideration in continuing with an intervention. 

Genesis carried out a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) to assess whether investing in infrastructure was justified from a social-welfare perspective and to understand the distribution of benefits to stakeholders, the output of which led to a discussion on potential financing for the chosen investments. Genesis designed, championed and carried out an innovative and rigorous approach to this work, which is unique to any CBA we have carried out before. 

As a first step, a thorough land-use map of the flood area was carried out. The land was categorised in formal and subsistence agriculture, residential areas and roads, among others. By comparing the flood-hazard rating, generated by the hydraulic model of the “do-nothing” scenario, with that under the FRM, a picture of the potential cost savings under various FMR strategies was established. Assigning an economic value to the potential cost savings for each land-type was then compared with the actual costs of the intervention to assess whether the FMR was an efficient use of funds. 

The EWFFS has gone live and is available online and in real-time as a resource for decision-makers. The key project stakeholders include local government, the impacted community, the water utility and key private sector companies who are located in the areas impacted by flooding. The project is a case study for successful public-private partnership and collaboration to reduce the negative impact of flooding. 

Genesis aided this value being unlocked through detailing the “value chain” (users and processes) of the system (from forecasting to mobilisation), understating its costs and demonstrating the expected tangible benefits that can be unlocked through providing decision-makers with an early warning system that can inform their disaster mitigation response. This galvanised stakeholder coordination and support for its operational costs

For more information on the project

TOP PHOTOGRAPH: The site on the lower Incomati that floods frequently and has been the focus of one of the project's flood mitigation strategies.

Cases show way for climate-smart farming in Zimbabwe

Project name:
Documenting cases of Climate Smart Agriculture in Zimbabwe

Sector:
Agriculture and Agribusiness
Climate Change

Client:
Vuna/Government of Zimbabwe

Date:
2017

Country:
Zimbabwe


Seven successful cases of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in Zimbabwe, documented by Genesis, are to be included in a manual being written for the country’s eight agricultural colleges.

Genesis was contracted by Vuna, a regional DFID-funded programme on CSA to document these cases. 

CSA is foremost among the approaches in the agricultural sector to tackle the threats from a changing climate and a number of Zimbabwean governmental and non-governmental entities have adopted it as their main approach to tackling climate change. 

This project was intended to improve the understanding of this concept by documenting practical examples of its application in Zimbabwe, particularly among smallholder farmers. 

Genesis has also assisted the Department of Agriculture in Zimbabwe on the process of establishing a unit dedicated to climate change. It is expected to be launched in early 2018.

Full Report

Phiri Junior, a farmer in Zvishavane, describes the benefits of water harvesting

Phiri Junior, a farmer in Zvishavane, describes the benefits of water harvesting

The seven detailed case studies from six provinces were documented, showcasing CSA practices such as conservation agriculture, solar-powered drip irrigation, low-cost aquaculture, production and preservation of supplementary fodder for livestock, local crop variety testing, and integrated renewable energy (biogas, solar) in crop/livestock systems. 

Following a presentation of these studies to key officials in the ministries of Agriculture and of Environment, Water and Climate, a decision was taken to integrate the cases into a Climate Smart Agriculture Manual for use in Zimbabwe’s eight agricultural colleges. 

In these cases key technical elements of these interventions were described, including farmers’ sentiments of their suitability to smallholder systems as well as their impact on productivity, incomes and climate resilience. Each case study was also analysed for its ‘climate smartness’ in line with the three CSA pillars: sustainable increase in productivity and incomes; greater resilience and adaptive capacity; and contribution to reducing emission of greenhouse gases (mitigation). The ‘scalability’ and sustainability of each intervention was assessed to determine potential for wider application and impact on people’s livelihoods. 

The seven cases that were documented: 1. Solar-powered drip irrigation: Zinkondweni irrigation scheme 2. Rain-water harvesting: The story of Mr Zephaniah Phiri Maseko 3. Conservation agriculture: A widow’s success story 4. Transformational adaptation: From crops to fish farming 5. Fodder production and preservation for livestock feeding: Guyu fodder project 6. A systems approach to CSA: Integrating renewable energy into crop/livestock systems 7. Towards a Climate Smart Village: Hezekiah Village, Gokwe North District.

Top photo: Mr Makwala, a farmer in Guyu Communal areas, shows off some of his fodder crop

Seed project increases Zimbabwean farmers' yields by 20%

Project name:
Technical Assistance to Vuna-Zimbabwe Seed Systems for Semi-Arid Areas

Service:
Market systems development

Sector:
Agriculture and Agribusiness
Climate Change

Client:
DFID Climate Smart Ag Programme (Vuna)

Date:
2016 - ongoing

Country:
Zimbabwe


In Zimbabwe there is an opportunity to expand sustainable, market-oriented models of seed production and supply that improve smallholder farmers’ access to seed appropriate to semi-arid areas. 

Genesis was appointed by Vuna to work across a number of stakeholders - a partner private-sector seed company, government seed services, smallholder farmers, and other donor-funded projects - to coordinate the implementation of a community-level seed production and distribution model in semi-arid districts. The model also supported the adoption and use of climate-smart agriculture by the smallholder seed multipliers contracted to the partner seed company. 

The business model has unlocked real value, including improving farmers’ access to climate-smart seed that can increase yields by as much as 20%, even if other conditions remain the same. About 1 500 seed multipliers contracted by the private seed company have diversified their cropping mix to include specialised seed production.

Farmer Yield and Income Assessment:

Climate risk assessment of Tanzanian dam project

Project name:
Kikonge Multi-Purpose Dam, Hydropower and Irrigation Scheme

Service:
Project preparation

Sector:
Infrastructure
Water and Sanitation
Climate Change

Area of Expertise:
Financial modelling
Financial and economic appraisal
Climate risk and vulnerability analysis

Client:
DFID

Date:
2016 - 2017

Country:
Tanzania


The Kikonge Hydropower Project, which is part of the Tanzanian Power Supply Master Plan, includes a multipurpose dam for irrigation, hydropower production and other uses such as the upstream part of the dam for fishing, tourism, irrigation and mining.

Through involvement in the Climate Resilient Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF), Genesis provided support for the climate change risk assessment and the financing strategy of the feasibility study to promote climate resilience, transboundary water management and pro-poor development.

Genesis drafted an outline business case and a financing strategy for the project. We also undertook an economic assessment of the potential impact of various climate change scenarios overlaid with different options for the design of the dam. 

The economic analysis included an assessment of the potential risks arising from climate change and quantified these risks for dam designs that could cater for different climate scenarios.

Genesis supports SADC water and infrastructure projects

Project name:
Climate Resilience Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF)

Service:
Project preparation
Project finance advisory service

Sector:
Climate Change
Infrastructure
Water and Sanitation

Area of Expertise:
Project preparation

Client:
A DFID-funded facility managed by Adam Smith International

Date:
2013 – 2017

Country:
Malawi
Mozambique
Namibia
Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe


The Climate Resilient Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF) is a DFID-funded facility that prepares water and infrastructure projects across SADC. It focuses on projects that build climate resilience, are pro-poor and are located in one of the SADC region’s 13 transboundary water basins. Under the CRIDF, Genesis was involved in the design and delivery of water infrastructure that fosters sustainable development of the region’s water, food and energy security.

Our work focused on:    

Financial and economic appraisal of projects in order to assess a project’s impact, inform decision-making and to ensure financial, operational and social sustainability.

Leveraging and mobilising finance to support CRIDF in high-level engagement with donors and potential financiers to identify potential sources of financing, as well as in preparing projects for presentation and conducting the actual engagements.  

Genesis supported the programme across multiple individual water-preparation projects. For example, together with the African Development Bank, we assessed the commercial viability of a hydro-electric plant on the border of Malawi and Tanzania. The project aimed to develop an effective financing strategy and assess the potential for attracting private sector investors through public-private partnerships.

The Genesis project economist led the development of the financial and economic models, assessing the likely returns and benefits from the project and working to structure it in a way that is attractive to the private sector, while retaining important socio-economic development goals of the respective governments.

TOP and ABOVE: Building climate resilience in the Eastern Province, Zambia, through the construction of a dam and small-scale irrigation scheme.

TOP and ABOVE: Building climate resilience in the Eastern Province, Zambia, through the construction of a dam and small-scale irrigation scheme.

Case for private sector, climate-smart smallholder farming

Project name:
Business case for engaging the Private Sector in Climate Smart Solutions for smallholder farmers

Service:
Market systems development

Sector:
Agriculture and Agribusiness
Climate Change

Area of Expertise:
Making markets work for the poor (M4P) in agriculture

Client:
Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Date:
2016

Country:
Malawi
Mozambique
South Africa
Zambia
Zimbabwe


Genesis was engaged by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) to research a business case for engaging the private sector in designing and delivering climate-smart solutions.  

The research was to inform the design and implementation of the CTA’s new flagship project on climate change, Promoting Climate-Resilient Agrifood Solutions for Cereals and Livestock Farmers in Southern Africa. 

The project aims to scale up four proven climate-resilient agrifood solutions (CRS) to increase food security, nutrition and income for smallholder farm households under changing climate conditions. It identified successful agribusiness models for private-sector engagement in the four CRS. Implementation will focus on Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The findings presented compelling evidence of win-win outcomes from private-sector investments that unlocked access to technology (e.g. drought-tolerant seed varieties and livestock breeds), finance, markets, information, insurance and other risk-management tools that build resilience of smallholder farmers. 

By helping farmers increase productivity, stabilise yields, improve quality, reduce production costs and transfer risk (through insurance), such investments are helping businesses stabilise supply (or demand in the case of suppliers), increase trade volumes and capacity use, access better products, lower transaction costs and minimise contractual defaults while building trust and a better understanding of the smallholder context. Governments and aid agencies also benefit from reduced need for safety nets and disaster recovery costs. Such partnerships create new commercial opportunities for service providers.         

Following our report and presentation at the programme’s regional conference in May 2016, the CTA and its partners resolved that their interventions would be anchored in inclusive private private-sector partnerships with farmers on a sustainable basis for deliver climate-smart solutions. 

One of CTA’s implementing partners in this project, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), is discussing long-term cooperation (beyond the current CTA-funded project) with Genesis to support the design and implementation of climate-smart solutions anchored in private-sector/farmer partnerships.

The implementation of CTA’s flagship project was scheduled for 2016. It is expected to incorporate significant elements from our research. This should result in more sustainable climate-smart solutions that unlock value for farmers, agribusinesses, governments, the development community and service providers. 

Building case for climate-compatible development in Rwanda

Project name:
Building the business case for investment in climate-compatible development (CCD)

Service:
Project preparation
Monitoring and evaluation

Sector:
Climate Change
Water and Sanitation

Client:
Climate and Development Knowledge Network

Date:
2015

Country:
Rwanda


The Climate Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) in Rwanda wanted to develop a business case for climate-compatible development in Rwanda.

The Genesis team visited project sites and reviewed the documentation of multiple climate-compatible development projects in the country to select those best suited for impact evaluations and building the business case. 

The team then developed the impact evaluation and cost-benefit analysis approaches for a selected number of these projects.

Plan to expand water supply to 25 000 Malawians

Project name:
Feasibility study on Illovo Nchalo Water Supply and Sanitation Project

Service:
Project preparation

Sector:
Water and Sanitation
Infrastructure
Climate Change

Client:
Climate Resilience Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF), DFID

Date:
2015 – 2016

Country:
Malawi


Illovo Sugar Malawi wanted to improve the water supply for Nchalo town and the communities surrounding its sugar facility, which is an area characterised as very poor and lacking in clean water and sanitation.

Nchalo is in the Chikwawa district in the southern region of Malawi within which the Southern Region Water Board (SRWB) has jurisdiction over water supply infrastructure development and operations. A feasibility study was commissioned in response to the socio-economic challenges experienced in Chikwawa-Nchalo area.

With technical support from the Climate Resilient infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF) in collaboration with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), a PPP between Illovo and the SRWB was established in order to address the problem of access to safe water and improved sanitation in the area. Five options for the improvement of the water supply system and sanitation facilities in the area were considered.

The Genesis team did a cost-benefit analysis that determined a financial analysis of what would be the net return to the developer, and an economic analysis of what would be a net return to surrounding communities. Genesis’s analysis first resulted in the decision to proceed with the project. Secondly, and going beyond standard analysis and reverting to the engineers to help redesign the project to expand the water network to poorer communities not part of the original design, the Genesis team increased the economic impact of the project and its value for money.

The plan was to benefit an additional 12 000 people in the original target area. With the expansion to outlying villages, 25 000 additional individuals in poorer, rural villages would also have benefited from the project. 

Importantly, this would have provided water for a growing population that would otherwise not have access to clean water. Formal access to water would have multiple benefits, primarily through improved sanitation and health and time savings, with the long-term benefits expected to be even larger.

Plan for safe water in 12 Zambian border towns

Project name:
12 Border Towns Project

Service:
Project preparation

Sector:
Water and Sanitation
Climate Change
Infrastructure
Public and Social

Client:
A DFID-funded facility managed by Adam Smith International

Date:
2014 - 2016

Country:
Malawi
Zambia


Inadequate levels of water access and sanitation facilities can lead to the transmission of water-borne diseases across borders. This, in turn, stifles trade and other commercial and social activities within a sub-region and, at in extreme cases, can trigger cross-border conflict. 

The 12 Towns Project is an initiative aimed at providing a sustainable and equitable supply of safe water and appropriate sanitation to 12 border towns in Zambia, a country strategically and centrally located in the SADC region. 

Genesis was retained as the project economists for this suite of projects and carried out financial and economic appraisals for Kazungula, Chanida, Mwami, Chirundu and Siavonga border towns. Genesis provided recommendations of the appropriate allocation of the client's resources for the implementation for these projects.

By carrying out our project appraisal process, both the financial and economic justification of the separate projects was investigated. The particular focus of this project appraisal was in the project’s ability to provide climate-resilient infrastructure for the most vulnerable members of the border towns – with a particular focus on women and children. 

It also emphasised the project's ability to prevent transboundary conflict through better provisioning of infrastructure services. Input from our team resulted in the redesign of some of the projects to optimise their value for money and social impact in these strategic transboundary towns.

For more project information

TOP PHOTOGRAPH: Small traders at the Chirundu One-Stop Border Post. ABOVE: Trucks line up at the Chirundu One-Stop Border Post between Zambia and Zimbabwe

Securing water for Botswana

Project name:
Reconnaissance Study for the Chobe-Zambezi Water Transfer Scheme

Service:
Project preparation

Sector:
Infrastructure
Climate Change
Public and Social
Water and Sanitation

Client:
Botswanan Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources

Date:
2016 - 2017

Country:
Botswana


The Chobe-Zambezi water transfer project assesses the viability and costs of constructing a scheme that will transfer additional water from the Chobe and Zambezi rivers on the northern border of Botswana to the large demand centres in south-eastern Botswana.

It is estimated that by 2025, water supply in Botswana will be inadequate to meet demand. This shortfall will be further exacerbated by the impact of climate change on drought cycles in Botswana.

Genesis was the lead for the financial work stream for the project. The scope of work included a reconnaissance of work that has already been undertaken in pre-feasibility stage, financial modelling for the detailed costing of the project, transaction and project structuring as well as the development of a procurement strategy.

Meet the Team

Areas of Service Expertise

  • Climate risk and vulnerability analysis
  • Climate proofing of investments
  • Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) design, implementation and evaluation
  • CSA options analysis, screening and evaluation
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Project preparation
  • Transaction advisory (project finance)

Related Sectors

Projects

Project

Genesis leads DFID project on climate-smart agriculture support

Genesis has been comissioned by DFID to conduct an 18-month climate-smart agricultural education and policy support project that aims to support the governments of Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.  

View Project
Project

Vuna looks for innovation models for climate-smart agriculture

Vuna commissioned a Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) innovation models impact analysis to assess select Vuna Agriculture Development Facility (ADF) projects and identify intervention pathways to sustained climate resilience at scale. 

View Project

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Leading the team

Manyewu Mutamba

Climate Change Senior Specialist

Manyewu Mutamba
Climate Change Senior Specialist
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Kim Adonis

Associate Consultant

Kim Adonis
Associate Consultant
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Sydney Zharare

Partner (Agribusiness and Market Development)

Sydney Zharare
Partner (Agribusiness and Market Development)
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